Sodium humate is a kind of macromolecular organic weak acid sodium salt with various functions, which is processed by special technology from weathered coal, peat, and lignite. Its structure is relatively complex. It is good veterinary medicine and feeds additive for the production of green milk, meat, and egg food.
The role of sodium humate in the field of feed additives is mainly reflected in:
1. Absorption of feed components
Humic acid itself has a large molecular weight and can be associated with larger particles in a certain medium, so it has colloid characteristics and adsorption capacity, has a good ion exchange effect, and promotes the absorption of feed components.
1.1 To fully decompose various nutrients in the feed, and carry out a good organic combination, increase gastrointestinal function, promote protein assimilation.
1.2 Improve the permeability of animal cell membrane and protoplasm, increase the water content in the intercellular space of muscle cells and the water content of cells, which causes the phenomenon of bright body hair in pigs.
1.3 Humic acid molecules are rich in nitrogen, and amino has strong absorption, it makes the ammoniation of protein content in the feed, to make full use of high degree into muscle protein feed protein, reach muscle growth potential and raise the proportion of lean meat, while remaining in the intestines of humic acid molecules still can absorb the ammonia in waste, reduce the waste of smell.
1.4 The quinone group contained in humic acid is involved in the REDOX process of the body, which makes the metabolism vigorous, promotes cell proliferation, and accelerates growth.
1.5 Sodium humate can improve gastrointestinal function, promote the secretion of gastric juice, increase appetite, promote the faster entry of nutrients into the body, stimulate the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, and inhibit the reproduction of spoilage bacteria.
1.6 Since sodium humate can promote digestion and absorption, it can make better absorption and utilization of mineral elements in feed compatibility and give full play to the role of mineral elements and multivitamins.
2. Effects on endocrine function
2.1 Humic acid can be by stimulating certain glands, suppress the sympathetic nerve, cause drowsiness, make the carcass in a state of sleep or quiet time increased, and the whole body movement and visceral activities generally decreases, which is beneficial to the whole body of assimilation, making each organ system can recover in time, on the other hand, livestock hypothermia during sleep, Heat consumption, and excess exercise energy consumption were reduced, and storage energy was relatively increased, which resulted in increased muscle and fat deposition and improved feed conversion rate.
2.2 Humic acid can activate the function of the pituitary-adrenal cortex, promote the secretion of ACTH, increase the secretion of estrogen, and stimulate the balance of the thyroid.
3. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects
3.1 Humic acid can activate the pituitary-adrenal system, promote the release of corticosteroids and ACTH, and inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins (prostaglandins are the mediators of the pain process).
3.2 Sodium humate is a polymer complex and contains alkaloids, so it has a strong adsorption capacity for intestinal inflammatory substances and toxic substances, and has an astringent effect on the intestinal mucosa. Various active groups can constrict blood vessels, reduce capillary permeability, and play an anti-inflammatory and hemostasis role.
3.3 Under the action of various enzymes, the active groups in the sodium humate molecule can decompose more nascent oxygen, showing a bactericidal effect.
4. Antivirus activity
4.1 Unlike antibiotics, humic acid is not decomposed by molds and bacteria and can denature viral proteins, thereby producing antiviral effects.
4.2 Sodium humate can make DNA virus (naked and encapsulated) unable to be attached to cells and unable to reproduce, in addition, it can inhibit reverse transcriptase activity and inhibit virus synthesis.
5. Promote wound healing
5.1 Sodium humate has a good effect on removing saprophytic muscle in soft tissue wound suppurative infection. Under the stimulation and damage of microorganisms, local cells of the infected body suffer from hypoxia, which causes necrosis, and the harmful ions and poisons are separated. Such toxic products destroy health and enlarge wounds. Due to the change of physical and chemical effects after the contact of sodium humate with the wound, in addition to metal ions and poisons, the odor and secretion of pus also decreased.
5.2 Sodium humate can quickly form a protective film on the wound surface and make the small blood vessels constrict, which can stop bleeding. The MOLECULAR structure of SODIUM HUMate determines that it is not only an oxidant, but also a reducing agent, which can separate primary oxygen, increase cell respiration and promote cell metabolism.
5.3 Sodium humate can increase the number of platelets, make blood vessels contractile, reduce capillary permeability, reverse abnormal microcirculation perfusion and promote the return to normal.
5.4 Sodium humate can stimulate the synthesis of prostaglandin in gastric mucosa, increase the blood flow of gastric mucosa, protect gastric mucosa, and make ulcer heal.
6. Effects on immune function
6.1 Sodium humate can increase the weight of the spleen of mice and rabbits, the white pulp area becomes larger, the cells of the red pulp increase significantly, and large macrophages appear, thereby enhancing the function of immune organs.
6.2 Sodium humate has an excitatory effect on the function of the reticuloendothelial system, that is, on non-specific immune function.
6.3 Sodium humate has the effect of enhancing humoral immune function.
6.4 Sodium humate can increase the rate of leukorrhea, has a similar effect to phytohemagglutinin (PHA), and participates in cellular immunity.
In the clinical application of livestock and poultry
The addition of 0.6% to 1% can increase the weight gain by 5% to 10%, even up to 31%.
Piglet yellow, white diarrhea, piglet enteritis: 3%-5% sodium humate aqueous solution, 10-15mL per head, 1-2 times a day, for three to five days, or add 1% to the feed for continuous use Five days to heal.
Pig scabies mites: 1% sodium humate aqueous solution medicated bath or partial scrub, once a day, 4 times in a row.
Calf diarrhea, enteritis:
3%-5% sodium humate aqueous solution is administrated with 100-200mL, 2-3 times a day.
Dairy cows increase milk production:
The minimum feeding amount is 1g per head each time, and the milk production can be increased by 1Kg per head per day.
The maximum dosage is 50-150g per head per day, which can significantly increase milk production.
Acute mastitis in dairy cows:
25g per head per day, mixed with concentrate, and fed in two doses, for 60 days as a course of treatment.
Lamb diarrhea, dysentery:
Oral 5% sodium humate aqueous solution, 1 to 2 times a day. 2 to 3 times will heal.
Dysentery needs to be cured 5 to 9 times.
0.5g of sodium humate was applied to the tongue, lips, and wounds of each lamb. Usually, 1 to 3 times will heal.
Lamb weight gain:
The lambs using sodium humate can gain 1.083g on the 30th day, and the weight gain rate is 28%.
Different concentrations have different effects:
4% to 8% can effectively reduce stress and prevent chicken feather pecking, tail pecking, soft foot disease, etc.
3% to 5% can increase the egg production rate of laying hens by 11% to 20% and improve the quality of eggshells.
0.3% to 0.5% can reduce the smell of feces, prevent diarrhea and increase appetite.
The broiler feed utilization rate can be increased by 13%. It can significantly promote the growth of broilers.
In addition, sodium humate can also be used for the treatment of livestock and poultry trauma and hemostasis of livestock and poultry.
Apply directly to a small area of a fresh wound, press for a moment to stop bleeding, and prevent infection.
Large-scale fresh wounds are the first debridement, and then sprinkled with sodium humate: sutured abscesses, washed with 1% sodium humate solution, and then sprinkled with powder.
Sodium humate is a cost-effective and widely used feed additive. It is a rare green, environmentally friendly health care and treatment drug in the current livestock and poultry breeding process.